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The Last Empire

The Final Days of the Soviet Union

Serhii Plokhy

On Christmas Day 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Soviet Union. By the next day the USSR was officially no more and the USA had emerged as the world’s sole superpower. Award-winning historian Serhii Plokhy presents a page-turning account of the preceding five months of drama, filled with failed coups d’état and political intrigue.

Honing in on this previously disregarded but crucial period and using recently declassified documents and original interviews with key participants, he shatters the established myths of 1991 and presents a bold new interpretation of the Soviet Union’s final months. Plokhy argues that contrary to the triumphalist Western narrative, George H. W. Bush desperately wanted to preserve the Soviet Union and keep Gorbachev in power, and that it was Ukraine and not the US that played the key role in the collapse of the Soviet Union. The consequences of those five months and the myth-making that has since surrounded them are still being felt in Crimea, Russia, the US, and Europe today.

With its spellbinding narrative and strikingly fresh perspective, The Last Empire is the essential account of one of the most important watershed periods in world history, and is indispensable reading for anyone seeking to make sense of international politics today.

  • Publication date: July 3, 2014
  • ISBN: 9781780745299
  • RRP: £25.00
  • Pages: 512


 ‘A superb read: a deeply researched, indispensable reappraisal of the fall of the USSR that has the nail-biting drama of a movie, the gripping narrative and colourful personalities of a novel, and the analysis and original sources of a work of scholarship’

BBC History, books of the yearSimon Sebag Montefiore

‘Well researched and highly readable… distinctly fresh… Plokhy does a good job of debunking some of the conventional wisdom… His setting the record straight is of more than historiographical significance’ 


‘Incisive… [Plokhy’s] vibrant, fast-paced narrative style captures the story superbly’ 

Sunday Times

‘Fascinating and readable… the cast is terrific… beautifully written and studded with such pithy quotations… both compelling and sobering, into how random the whole process of dismantling the world’s biggest country was… Today, Russia has revived, and Putin wants his lost republics back, giving this book an additional relevance’

Sunday Telegraph, five star review

'A riveting thriller’ 

Mail on Sunday

‘Fine-grained, closely reported [and] highly readable’


'Almost a day-by-day, blow-by-blow account of the actions and reactions of the main figures… Very relevant to today's Ukrainian crisis... The dramatic events of the second half of 1991 are very well recounted'

Literary Review

‘Serhii Plokhy’s great achievement in this wonderfully well-written account is to show that much of the triumphalist transatlantic view of the Soviet collapse is historiographical manure… The author explains as no one in English has until now, just how central Ukraine was to the viability of any sort of Soviet bloc… it’s bracing and timely… well worth reading’ 

The Times

‘A superb work of scholarship, vividly written, that challenges tired old assumptions with fresh material from East and West, as well as revealing interviews with many major players... masterly’


'In this highly original reanalysis, drawing on rarely used sources scattered from Texas to Ukraine, Serhii Plokhy gives us a whole new perspective on the Fall of the Soviet Union. Did the USA really ‘win’ the Cold War, he asks – or did democracy undo the Soviet Empire from the inside?'

Ian Morris, Professor of History at Stanford University and author of Why the West Rules – For Now

'Gripping, vivid and incisive – essential reading for anyone wanting to counter modern Russian myth-making about the Soviet collapse.'

Edward Lucas, senior editor at the Economist and author of The New Cold War

'Indispensable. At last, a definitive account of the breakup of the USSR: for the first time, Serhii Plokhy tells the story not just from the point of view of Moscow, and not from Washington, but also from Ukraine and the other republics where many of the most important decisions were actually made. If you don't understand what really happened in 1991, then you'll find it impossible to understand the politics of the region today.'

Anne Applebaum, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Gulag: A History

Serhii Plokhy

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