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Operation Historic Turn

Portugal's Carnation Revolution

Alex Fernandes

On the night of 24 April 1974, at five minutes to eleven, a Lisbon radio station broadcasts Portugal’s Eurovision entry. By 3 p.m. the next day, the government surrenders and a fifty-year fascist regime is overthrown. Hardly a shot has been fired. Carnations decorate the barrels of the revolutionary soldiers’ guns. Portugal is free.

Operation Historic Turn winds through the streets of Lisbon as the revolution unfolds – and reveals the myriad acts of ordinary and extraordinary resistance that made 25 April possible. It’s a story of daring escapes from five-storey prisons, soldiers disobeying their generals’ orders and simple acts of courage by thousands of citizens. Alex Fernandes also guides us through the curious and contested afterlife of the revolution – and the fates of its heroes in modern Portugal.

  • Publication date: April 11, 2024
  • ISBN: 9780861547548
  • RRP: £20.00
  • Pages: 352
  • Publication date: April 11, 2024
  • ISBN: 9780861547555
  • RRP: £14.99
  • Pages:

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