The Crisis of Muslim History

Pages: 224
Subject: Religion: Islam
Imprint: Oneworld Academic

The Crisis of Muslim History

Religion and Politics in Early Islam

Mahmoud M. Ayoub

This detailed guide presents the key events, individuals and sociopolitical conditions which defined the era of the first Four Caliphs.
9781851683963 (15 Nov 2005)
RRP £21.00 / US$30.00

The Book

This new study of the Islamic tradition's earliest years presents the key events, individuals, and social-political conditions which defined the era of the first Four Caliphs (from the death of the Prophet to that of Ali, thirty years later), and which led to the Sunni/Shi'i schism and the Crisis of Succession.

In an objective and thoroughly researched book representing both Sunni and Shi'i perspectives, Mahmoud M. Ayoub has drawn on a wide range of primary materials from this period, which explain the various sources of the violent struggles and dissension characterizing this time. Covering everything from the first caliphate of Abu Bakr to the Battles of the Camel and Siffin, it is essential reading for all students and scholars of Islamic studies and of the formative years of the Muslim tradition.

Additional Information

Subject Religion: Islam
Pages 224
Imprint Oneworld Academic


About the Author

Author Mahmoud Ayoub is Professor of Islamic Studies for the Department of Religion at Temple University and Research Fellow at the Middle East Center of the University of Pennsylvania. He has lectured at universities around the world, is Editorial Consultant of The Muslim World Journal, and the author of several books and numerous articles.

Table of Contents


I. Introduction

II. The Crisis of Succession

a. The Safiqah debate and its aftermath

III. Abu Bakr's Regrets and ‘Umar's Uncertainties

a. Abu Bakr: Khalifat Rasul Allah

b. Umar: Amir al-Muminin

IV. The Second Crisis: The Shura Council and its Failure

a. The Shura deliberations

V. ‘Uthman: Khalifat Allah

a. ‘Uthman's caliphate: Umayyad power and the beginning of Shi'i opposition

b. ‘Uthman's critics: ‘Ammar b. Yasir and Abu Dharr al-Ghifari

c. ‘Uthman and the clash between religious authority and political power

d. The siege and ‘Uthman's violent death

VI. Ali Wasi Rasul Allah: The Clash of Religion and Politics

a. The Battle of the Camel

b. Mu'awiyah's opposition

c. The Battle of Siffin

d. ‘Amr's scheme and its consequences

VII. Conclusion

Appendix I

Appendix II


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