Great Ideas in Psychology

Pages: 320
Subject: Psychology
Imprint: Oneworld Academic

Great Ideas in Psychology

A Cultural and Historical Introduction

Fathali M. Moghaddam

An innovative introduction to nineteen key ideas that have revolutionised the study of psychology, with subjects ranging from development to neuroscience.
Paperback
9781851683796 (27 Jun 2005)
RRP £29.00 / US$42.00

The Book

This book focuses on the key ideas of the most important modern psychologists. Nineteen classic "great ideas" in psychology are critically assessed in their cultural and historical context, with topics ranging from neuroscience to personality, development to socio-cultural issues. The simple narrative style and chapter structure, combined with "critical thinking questions" and a shortlist of essential readings for further study at the end of each chapter, provides an ideal approach for anyone interested in learning about the key ideas and theories in psychology

Additional Information

Subject Psychology
Pages 320
Imprint Oneworld Academic

 

About the Author

Author Fathali Moghaddam is Professor of Psychology at Georgetown University. A highly respected academic and writer, he has written numerous books and articles, including Social Psychology: Exploring Universals across Cultures (1998, Freeman), and has had many years experience of teaching psychology at undergraduate level.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Working Out and Working In


What makes an Idea Great?


Great Ideas and Orientations in Psychology


Concluding Comment





2. The Psychological Laboratory


The Laboratory Becomes Central to


Psychology


Critically Assessing the Psychology Laboratory


Concluding Comment





3. Placebo Effect


Factors to Consider in Testing for the Placebo Effect


Meaning and the Active Placebo


Complicating Factors


Concluding Comment





4.The Freudian Unconscious


Early History of the Unconscious


The Freudian Unconscious


The Unconscious Re-assessed


Concluding Comment





5.The Memory Trace: Long Term Potentiation (LPT)


Pioneering Ideas


Pioneering Experimental Research


Debate Over Long-Term Potentiation


Concluding Comment





6.Learning


The Law of Effect and Classical Conditioning


The American Context and Instrumental Learning


Learning, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Culture


Concluding Comment





7.Intelligence Tests


Why Are Intelligence Tests Important?


At What Age, If Ever, Does Intelligence Become Fixed?


What Are the Contributions of Nature and Nurture to Intelligence?


Is There One or Multiple Intelligence?


Concluding Comment





8.Artificial Intelligence


The Context of Artificial Intelligence


The ‘Long Debate' and Artificial Intelligence


Concluding Comment





9.Stage Models of Development


The Major Stage Models


Core Assumptions


Concluding Comment





10.The Zone of Proximal Development


Assumptions of the Traditional Approach


A Vygotskian Approach to Child Development


Concluding Comment


11.Attachment


The Historical Context of the Idea


Bowlby's Four Phase Model


Variations on the Attachment Theme


Concluding Comment





12.Displaced Aggression


The Idea of Displaced Aggression in Wider Context


The Assumed Association Between Frustration and Aggression


Displaced Aggression and Freud's Intergroup Psychology


Concluding Comment





13.Personality Traits


Methodological Dilemmas


Conceptual Dilemmas


Concluding Comment





14.The Self


The Sense of Self


Self-Perception


Self-Presentation


Concluding Comment





15.Conformity to Group Norms


Conformity to Arbitrary Norms


Power, Norms, and Conformity


Concluding Comment





16.Obedience to Authority


The Experimental Study of Obedience


Why Are Milgram's Obedience Studies Important?


Lessons From Psychological Research on Obedience


Concluding Comment





17.Feminist Psychology


The Cultural and Historical Context


Discovering and Interpreting Gender Differences


Concluding Comment





18.Multicultural Psychology


Assimilation and Identity


Multiculturalism and Identity


Concluding Comment





19.Evolutionary Psychology


The Historical Context of Darwin's Evolutionary Theory


Genetics and Evolutionary Psychology


Genes as ‘Causes' of Behavior


Concluding Comment





20.Social Constructionism


The Context and Background of Social Constructionism


The Main Implications of Social Constructionism


Concluding Comment