Are Non-Christians Saved?

Pages: 384
Imprint: Oneworld Academic

Are Non-Christians Saved?

Joseph Ratzinger's Thoughts on Religious Pluralism

Ambrose Mong

Why does the Pope consider religious pluralism a challenge to Christianity?
9781780747149 (8 Jan 2015)
RRP £20.00 / US$30.00

The Book

Religious pluralism upholds the idea that multiple religions can coexist and be beneficial for society; it is a concept spreading around the world, not only in Asia with its myriad beliefs and practices, but also in Europe where many non-Christian religious traditions are growing. On the face of it, religious pluralism is the ultimate message of tolerance, a vitally important principle for how we can live peacefully. But not everyone sees it this way.

Joseph Ratzinger, former Pope Benedict XVI and Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, is amongst those who regard religious pluralism as a threat to Christianity. If only Christianity can save us, then how can religious pluralism do anything but hinder Christianity's cause? Ambrose Mong examines Ratzinger's thoughts on this subject and evaluates how the church has responded to the call of the Second Vatican Council to create dialogues with other faiths. By looking at Ratzinger's educational, cultural and religious background, Mong reveals the roots of Ratzinger's Eurocentric bias and how it has shaped the views that he holds today, including his attitude towards religious pluralism, his ecclesiology and his ecumenical theology.

Are Non-Christians Saved? is essential reading for students, teachers and scholars seeking a thorough analysis of Ratzinger's position, including why he believes religious pluralism, with its ‘evil twins' of relativism and secularism, is a threat to Christianity.

Additional Information

Pages 384
Imprint Oneworld Academic


About the Author

Ambrose Mong obtained his B.A. Honours and M.A. in English from the University of Calgary and the University of British Columbia in Canada respectively. He entered the Dominican Novitiate in Seville, Spain, and completed his philosophical and theological studies at the University of St Thomas Aquinas in Rome. Ordained as a priest in Hong Kong in 2008, he continued to study at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, completing his M.Phil. and Ph.D. in Religions Studies. He teaches at the University of St Joseph in Macau and The Chinese University of Hong Kong.


'Bold and challenging'.

- Theology

Carefully nuanced... explores Josef Ratzinger's writings about the foundations of Christianity, the challenge of modernity and the corrosive effect of relativism... As we transition into a world church, Father Mong suggests a pathway of understanding and interfaith dialogue that will enrich the church that we are becoming and perhaps result in a greater harmony, even as all people of faith seek the truth together.'

- America: The National Catholic Review

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: Foundations

Chapter 2: Religious Pluralism

Chapter 3: Ecclesiology

Chapter 4: Ecumenism

Chapter 5: Secularism

Chapter 6: Relativism

Chapter 7: Europe

Chapter 8: Tissa Balasuriya OMI

Chapter 9: Jacques Dupuis SJ

Chapter 10: Peter C. Phan

Chapter 11: Ethical Vision